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Types of Diabetes and Their Causes: Understanding the Differences

Diabetes, a chronic disease, affects millions of people globally. In this condition, the body cannot properly regulate blood sugar levels. Three main types of #diabetes include type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Each type of diabetes has different causes and risk factors. Understanding the different types of diabetes and their causes can help individuals take the necessary steps to manage their condition effectively.


Type 1 diabetes occurs when our immune system targets and destroys insulin-producing pancreatic cells. Remember, the Insulin hormone helps regulate blood sugar levels in the body. It is considered an autoimmune condition. #Type1diabetes can present at any age but is typically diagnosed in children and young adults. The precise cause of type 1 diabetes is yet to be known. Still, a combination of genetic and environmental factors could be the culprits.


Type 2 diabetes is found in nearly 90-95% of the cases, making it the most common type of diabetes. In Type 2 diabetes body becomes resistant to insulin, or the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to meet the body's needs. #Type2diabetes is often associated with lifestyle factors such as obesity, poor diet, and lack of physical activity. However, genetics and other factors such as age, race, and family history also play a role in developing type 2 diabetes.


Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy and affects approximately 7% of all pregnancies. It is caused by hormonal changes and increased insulin resistance during pregnancy. Although #Gestationaldiabetes usually goes away after pregnancy, women with gestational diabetes are more prone to developing type 2 diabetes in later life.


It's important to note that there are also other less common #typesofdiabetes, such as monogenic diabetes and cystic fibrosis-related diabetes.


Please remember diabetes is a complex disease with various causes and risk factors. Understanding the different types of diabetes and their causes can help individuals take the necessary steps to manage their condition effectively. If you suspect diabetes, you must speak with your healthcare provider, who can perform the necessary tests and provide appropriate treatment and management recommendations.


Dr. Deepak Chaturvedi, M.D., Medicine

Obesity,Diabetes, Thyroid and Hormones Consultant.




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